La Calahorra Castle-Palace is one of the most important Works of the firs Spanish Renaissance. La Calahorra Castle was constructed on the remains of a preceding fortification of the Medieval period dating from the beginning of the 16th century, probably between 1509 and 1512, and two arhitects mainly participated in the construction, the Castilian Lorenzo Vazquez and the Italian Michelle Carlone.
The caracass that protects and hides this interior in La Calahorra Castle is a fortification in the Catilian style and with impregnable aspect. A huge box is added to the central chequered body that overtangs to the South side of La Calahorra Castle and that lodges the inner stairs, and in the corners cylindrical towers crowned by cupolas. One single entrace in La Calahorra Castle, some small embrasures and a few windows are the only gaps that break the ssolidity of La Calahorra Castle. Rofrigo de Mendoza y Maria de Fonseca lived just eight years in La Calahorra Castle, which passed to the hands of the Marquises daughters. The War of the Moorishes (1568-71) which was especially violent in El Marquesado of El Cenete, brought back the leadership of La Calahorra Castle, where the old Christians of the area look refuge and almost at the end of the war the Marquis of Mondejar and the Marquis of Javara withdrawed to barracks under the orders of Mr. Juan of Austria. Afterards La Calahorra Castle was practically abandoned for centuries. At the beginning of the 20th century, almost sold and moved stone by stone to the USA, it was purchased by the Duke of El Infantado and the Marquis of Santillana.